- Ph.D., Social Anthropology, Harvard University, 1976.
- A.M., Social Anthropology / Social Relations, Harvard University, 1970.
- B.A., Anthropology, Ohio State University, 1967.
I view anthropology as the biocultural study of human beings, so I do not believe in looking at culture without looking at human biology, nor looking at human biology without looking at culture. To me, evolution is the concept and process that binds anthropology together. We are products of biological evolution; cultural evolution itself is ultimately a product of biological evolution. My original interest was in the socialization of the very young: how little biological animals become transformed into larger cultural beings. This early germ of interest has grown into a much broader interest in the processes of brain-culture interaction, with a particular focus on brain/mind, self/personality, and human sexuality. My geographic specialization is Africa, especially western and southern, but I do not feel constrained by geography nor do I really consider myself an "Africanist" in the the narrow sense.
While my research in the 1990s has focused primarily on the medicalization of deviant behavior, I am currently embarking on human sexuality research in Brazil on HIV/AIDS prevention.
I have published a couple of books and numerous articles in the field of psychological anthropology, but I am proudest of my book The Anthropology of Self and Behavior.