Assessment of Writing

General Resources

Authentic Writing Assessment. Carmen Chapman, Illinois State Department of Education. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation 2(7), 1990.

Creating and Using Rubrics. Graduate Student Instructor Teaching Resource Center. University of California, Berkeley.

Guiding Principles for Assessment, in Writing Assessment: A Position Paper, published by the Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC) Committee on Assessment, November 2006 (revised March 2009). 

Hamilton College. Scoring rubric: The Mellon Project Assessment of Student Writing. Clinton, NY: Hamilton College.

Hersh, Richard. Collegiate Learning Assessment: Defining Critical Thinking, Analytical Reasoning, Problem Solving, and Writing Skills.

Skidmore's Assessment Website includes information on different types of assessment, including how to develop scoring rubrics.

Teaching Tips: Writing Assessment Tools. Links to several sites that include rubrics, scoring guides, and checklists for assessing student writing. Published by the eMINTS National Center, which "offers professional development programs created by educators for educators."

Teaching That Makes Sense. This website, which is geared towards K-12 teachers, has several interesting articles, including one on the assessment of writing.

Writing rubric adapted from Barbara Walvoord, Winthrop Univ., Virginia Community College System, Univ. of Washington

Written Communication Rubric from the AAC&U.

Zinnser, W. 2006. On Writing Well: The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction. Collins.

Discipline-Specific Resources

Here are a few examples of rubrics for evaluating writing, organized by academic discipline. You will find that rubrics are similar for different subjects within any discipline, so you might want to click on several of the links, choose what you like from different rubrics, and create your own. You can also find many other examples by entering the terms "writing", "rubric", and your discipline in a search engine.

George Mason University Writing Across the Curriculum. This site has excellent resources, including examples of rubrics in several disciplines.


Writing Rubrics for the Music Classroom, Rachel Whitcomb. Music Educators Journal 85:26-32, 1999. Although written for K-12 students, this article may provide help in designing rubrics for writing about music.

Rubric for Writing in Theater and Dance

Theater Writing Rubric

Foreign Literature and Language

Foreign Language Writing Rubric, Hedgcock and Lefkowitz,"Collaborative Oral/Aural Revision in Foreign Language Writing Instruction," Journal of Second Language Writing 1(3):255-76, 1992


Rubric for Assessment of Writing in Art History

Rubric for Assessment of Writing in Art History

Evaluating Writing in History and Classics Courses

Vincennes University Writing Rubric

Math and Computer Science

Math Rubric

Computer Science Writing Assessment, including rubric, adapted from a report on the assessment of writing in computer science, Department of Computer Science, College of Engineering and Computer Science, California State University, Northridge, CA

Natural Sciences

Moore, R. 1994. Writing As A Tool For Learning Biology. Bioscience 44: 613-617.

Biology Writing Rubric

Enhancing Assessment in the Biological Sciences. Includes links to several articles on assessing writing in biology.

Oregon State University. Writing Guide for Chemistry.

Social Sciences's rubric for Writing in Political Science

Loyola Marymount University's Rubric for Writing in Economics

Rublee, Maria Rost. Teaching Analytical Writing Through Rubrics. Government and World Affairs, University of Tampa.

Sociology Writing Rubric

Vincennes University Analytic Rubric

Writing in Psychology Rubric